Know your food groups

What are The Main Food Groups?

Do you know your proteins from your carbs? A healthy diet can be split into different groups of foods which provide similar nutrients and have a similar role in our daily diets.

Carbohydrates aren’t fattening – at only 4 calories per gram they are lower in calories than fats and oils

Oily fish is the best source of heart healthy long chain omega 3 fats – try sustainable sourced mackerel, salmon, sardines or trout

Fats which are solid at room temperature tend to be high in saturated fats such as butter, lard, ghee and coconut oil


  • World Health Organisation (2010) WHO The 3 Fives Healthy Choices Healthy Life. Available from www.who.int/foodsafety
  • Global Burden of Disease Collaborative Network. The Global Burden of Disease Study (2015) Obesity and Overweight Prevalence 1980-2015. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2017
  • Public Health England (2018) The Eatwell Guide Booklet. Crown Publishing. London.